Politics & Government Paper Samples

American Drug War Policy and Decriminalization

Today, the issue of drug use is not new. Some people believe that drugs are dangerous, others realize that drugs could be used for medical purposes, and some groups of people have not been able to develop their own opinions about drugs. Drug policy has become one of the most...

Police Brutality Towards Protesters in USA

Introduction Police brutality is one of the most emotive topics in the United States. Ioanide defines police brutality as “the abuse of authority by the unwarranted infliction of excessive force by personnel involved in law enforcement while performing their official duties” (24). One of the areas where police brutality has...

China: The Next Superpower?

Introduction In diplomatic and political perspectives, a superpower is a country that has an influential position in the global structure and able to project major military power in any country globally. Gallaher and Gilmartin (2009, p. 99) define a superpower as a state that has the potential to project governing...

Realism and Idealism in Modern International Relations

There are two theoretical frameworks that dominate international relations (IR), in particular one can speak about realism and idealism. They can be viewed as ideologies or principles that affect the policies of different states. Overall, these approaches are still debated by many governmental officials and scholars who try to determine...

E-government Service in United Arab Emirates

Executive Summary The United Arab Emirates is one of the leading economies in the Middle East. Although it used to be a poor nation some 4 decades ago, there is no doubt it has become the most developed nation in the region, thanks to the adopted open economic policies and...

Public Organization Management and Its Specifics

Non-Cultural Management Issues Within the Organization As a concept, organizational culture can be regarded as a specific pattern of behavior and interactional skills within a work team. These skills appear in the result of the adoption of the organizational norms, rules, values or philosophy by the members of the group....

The American President’s Constitutional Powers

Introduction The president of the United States of America derives its powers from numerous sources. The official is regarded as ‘the most powerful and influential man in the world’ today (Ginsberg et al. 279). They have significant influence over the global political landscape. The incumbent is the leader of the...

Legislative, Executive and Judicial Power Division

The division of powers between three branches – legislative, executive and judicial – is an essential element of the democracy. The system of checks and balances was designed to provide. Independence, transparency and high efficiency of the interactions between these branches; it gave meaning to the idea of separation of...

Public Policy and Administration Studies

Abstract Public policy has an enormous influence, both on governmental processes and the lives of citizens. To come to the right solution, complex models are created to achieve a successful analysis of the decision, calculate possible benefits and risks, and work out theoretical data on the problem. The science of...

The US and China Geopolitics: Topical Issues

Introduction The relations of the United States with China have been a subject of discussion in the international news media for decades. Still, this issue remains popular and appears in the news headlines rather often. The economic development and rise of China over the past twenty years had made it...

Gulf Cooperation Council vs Gulf Union

The Gulf Cooperation Council, which was established in 1981, has proved to be a very beneficial alliance for its six member states. Owing to its success, there have been proposals by some member states for the alliance to be strengthened by transforming it into a Gulf Union. I am of...

A Strategy of Primacy in the International Relations

Understanding the strategy of primacy The strategy of primacy is an extension of the realist school of thought in international relations. It is a strategy that has been exercised for quite an extended period in international relations. The rationale behind this strategy is that countries have interests, thus they need...

The UAE’s Transport and Education Sectors

Introduction The United Arab Emirates has experienced massive economic growth within the past two decades. The government has been closely working with other stakeholders to ensure that there is sustainable growth in all the sectors of the economy. According to Abeyratne (2013), this country is currently considered an economic powerhouse...

Future Role of the International Monetary Fund

It is painfully obvious, that the critically acclaimed International Monetary Fund (IMF) was quite instrumental, and still is, in the rejuvenation of myriad countries, both developed and developing, that were steadily taking precarious economic directions. This was partly occasioned by poor economic management, because of perennial budget deficits that were...

Federal and State Governments Comparison

Introduction The United States of America is a Federal nation made up of many states. The respective states have their autonomous governments that rule over their jurisdictions, and they operate under the laws of the federal government. Matters of developing justice policies in the respective states are similar to the...

International Relations Questions: United Nations Organization

The role played by the UN on the stage of world politics The United Nations Organization, commonly referred to as the UN, was formed on October 24, 1945, from the defunct League of Nation by “peace-loving” states from across the world. The objective of the organization was to actively prevent...

Capital Punishment and Its Moral Justification

The world is divided on the moral justification for the death penalty, more often referred to as the capital punishment. Whether it can be justifiable or not is a controversial matter of religious, moral and ethical commitments. Even though human life is precious and under the provisions of the Universal...

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty: Success or Failure?

The Nuclear-Non-Proliferation-Treaty (NPT) was created in the year 1970 with the aim of controlling the proliferation amongst the member states and other nations of the world. Since the adoption of the treaty, five countries have acquired nuclear weapons. However, one of those nations has given up the weapons. All these...

Election System in Canada

Introduction Modern states have matured and this has enabled their citizens to enjoy their democratic rights and freedoms. Elections have become common ways of selecting people to fill political positions. The need to ensure everybody has a right to vote has pushed nations to establish rules that determine the eligibility...

US Local, State and Federal Police Agencies

Introduction Policing system in the United States is very different from the ones applied in other countries because three levels characterize it including local, state, and federal level. The drafters of the constitution based the idea of dividing policing into three levels on the two principles. During independence, the states...

American Democracy v. the Social: Healthcare System

Social democracy is a system in which the elected representatives that is the government take decisions and run social programs like Health care of the public, insurance of the jobless people, safety programs, welfare of the society and pensions. Social democracy is completely based on socialism, about the peaceful and...

The Contractions of American Capital Punishment

Introduction Capital punishment can be described as the practice of sentencing a person to death after being judged and found guilty for a dreadful crime (Schaefer, 2011). Constant debates have been going on whether capital punishment should continue or be done away with and different organizations have taken varying positions...

The United Nations and Justice in World Politics

Introduction The United Nations (UN) is an organ established under the international law, and it is charged with ensuring that global peace is maintained at all costs. The organization is made up of 193 countries spread all over the globe, and its primary mission is to combat war between the...

Idealism vs. Realism in International Politics

Introduction “Realists believe that nation-states are the major actors in the international system” (Strohmer, 2010). On the other hand, idealists majorly aim at minimizing conflicts and maximizing cooperation among nations-states. Meaning of Idealism and Realism Carr, who was a British professor, laid the foundation for the realist school of thought...

Iran’s Foreign Policy Toward the United States

Introduction The relations between the Eastern and Western worlds have always been complicated and resulted in numerous crises, and those between Iran and the USA are a great example of the tension affecting both sides. The significant difference in the mentality of peoples living in these regions resulted in the...

Death Penalty and Arguments For Its Abolishment

The use of death penalty has been a subject of many debates among legislators, criminologists, or journalists. This discussion can be related to a variety of issues such as the ethical implications of this practice or the risk of judicial errors. Moreover, these disputes are partly influenced by the political...

China-North Korea’s Relationship and Its Benefits

Introduction China is a country located in the East Asia. It is well known for its ancient civilization. China is also the most populated country in the world adding to about 1.5 billion. It is the world’s fastest growing economy, largest exporter and second largest importer after United States (Scott...

Pakistan’s Perspective: Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Introduction Pakistan has conducted nuclear tests to provide a strategic balance that is being infected by India’s nuclear tests. The United States, which is the leading nuclear power, has conducted more than a thousand nuclear tests. There are now at least 17,300 nuclear warheads stockpiled by different countries, enough to...

China: Military Transformation and Regional Impact

Introduction China’s military, also known as the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), has registered a significant growth in its power and might in the recent years. The enhancement of the country’s military has coincided sharply with the economic growth that has been witnessed in China in the last decade. This emphasizes...

The United States’ Internationalist Foreign Policy

The end of the cold war marked the emergence of the United States of America as the only world’s superpower. Mutual suspicion and hostility between the United States and its geopolitical allies on one side and USSR and its allies on the other side characterized the cold war era. The...

Government: United States Constitution and Democracy

Introduction A constitution is a valuable document that stipulates how a particular country will be governed. It is generally compiled by experts from across different professions so that the final copy is as comprehensive and inclusive as possible. The US Constitution was not different. It was compiled by a group...

Death Penalty in the American Judicial System

Overview of the Death Penalty The judicial system is designed to establish a balance between the crime committed and the punishment meted out. For example, persons found guilty of an offense should receive penalties that are consistent with the degree of the crime committed. The death penalty is one such...

Reducing Drug Trafficking in the United States

Step One Topic The paper aims at elaborating the topic, “reducing drug trafficking in the United States”. Limited topic In as much as the paper exemplifies diverse aspects, it is imperative to denote that fighting drugs from the origin, partnership, and initiating policy changes are crucial strategies that will eliminate...

Women Inclusion in the United States Army

Abstract The inclusion of women in ground combat branches in the US Army has been a very transforming step forward for decades to come. It has been claimed that to fully realize this remarkable goal patriarchal views must be exchanged for equivalency, that in the past the practices in the...

Hegemonic Power Transition from Britain to the US

Introduction The term ‘hegemony’ has a long history in the world’s socio-political arena. It was first used during the 8th century. Its ancient applications can be traced back to ancient Greek. It was used to refer to the politico-military dominance of one city state over others (Jonathan 130). The leader...

US Securities and Exchange Commission’s Power

Brief History of Creation and Purpose The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was established during the Great Depression, as the necessity to introduce federal regulations of the stock market became particularly daunting. Prior to the Great Crash of stock markets in 1929, the initiatives to introduce such regulations...

Marijuana Legalization in New York and Its Effects

Introduction The legalization of marijuana has been a controversial issue within the U.S. due to the negative connotations associated with its use. Prior to the process behind the decriminalization of marijuana that started in Oregon by 1973, the mere possession of small quantities of marijuana was considered as being on...

Fairness in International Law and Institutions

Introduction International law refers to the law that operates between independent states and regulates the operations of many international organizations. The international agreements amongst states constitute the international law and its rules are binding to the signatories. The customary laws recognized by the international community forms one of the sources...

Border Security Strategies After the 9/11 Attacks

The September 11 terrorist attacks left Americans made them feel scared and unsafe. The attacks had a devastating effect on the country’s tourism and economy; lots of people died, some people lost their livelihoods, while someone lost their friends and relatives. The Department of Homeland Security coordinates and directs all...

East China Sea: US and Chinese Foreign Policies

Introduction: Background of Conflict in the East China Sea Recent times have seen tensions escalate between China and Japan, particularly regarding the uninhabited Islands in the East China Sea. The Chinese refer to these islands as Diaoyu while the Japanese call them Senkaku. Diaoyu/Senkaku (hereafter referred to as Senkaku) had...

American E-Government and Public Administration

Introduction E-government is a relatively new concept in governance because it encompasses all government roles that are associated with information and communications technology (ICT) (Racino, 2014). Its application in the governance sector transcends the scope of e-commerce because it covers important aspects of governance and administration, such as a government’s...

Kennedy’s Diplomacy in Cuba During the Cold War

The Cold War era was characterized by adversity between the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc. The Eastern Bloc was led by the Soviet Union while the Western one by the United States. While these two Superpowers never engaged in direct combat, they carried out a number of proxy wars...

The Chinese Government: Power and Control

Background of the Issue Over the past 10 days, international news agencies such as CNN, BBC and other similar networks have been covering the rallies that have been occurring in Hong Kong. The reason behind the actions of thousands of local citizens can be traced to the events of 1997...

World Trade Organization Role in International Business

Introduction The steady increase in the interactions between countries and people, a process known as globalization, resulted in a steady increase in the volume of trade among nations. This coupled with the observed shift by nations from trading solely with their traditional trade partners to including other varied nations over...

International Relations and Individual US States

It is necessary to note that US international relations can be regarded as one of the most topical topics of the scholarly debate. At the same time, the role individual states play in this process has attracted quite a little attention. However, this role is impossible to overestimate as it...

China’s Foreign Policy and Its Development

Are efforts by China’s leaders to promote security counterproductive? Although several efforts made by the country leadership have yielded productive and exceptional results, some of the efforts that these leaders put in an attempt to promote security are counterproductive. China is a country, which has individuals with different lifestyles and...

Same-Sex Civil Rights and Domestic Partnerships

Among the majority of Americans, equality entails an American value articulated in the Constitution. Although the Constitution does not support discrimination, LGBT persons are denied most of the basic rights that other members of society enjoy. By virtue of being human, LGBT people should enjoy basic rights enjoyed by other...

The Conflict in South China Sea

Introduction The territorial disputes between countries that share maritime borders have been in existence for the past several years. This problem saw the emergence of a wing within the United Nations specifically concerned about addressing the maritime disputes. According to Song (28), the United Nations Convention on Law of the...

US Gun Control Insufficiency in Crime Prevention

In 2012, a gunman opened fire indiscriminately targeting a public entertainment spot. As a result, twelve people died (Bjeloper, 2013). In the same year, a young man, who was later reported to be psychologically challenged, attacked a Connecticut elementary school killing 20 students, and 6 adults (Bjeloper, 2013). These events...

Effective and Limited Government

Introduction Democracy is the common form of leadership that is embraced by the largest percentage of countries in the contemporary world. The United States is a good example of a democratic state. Democratic states follow the majority rule in making decisions like the election of leaders. Nevertheless, to some extent,...

Pressure Groups Role in Britain

Introduction People participate in politics in various ways such as membership to political parties and voting. Subscription to membership for organisations, associations, and interest groups constitutes other crucial ways for engaging in politics (Barnett 2002). Such organisations and associations are often considered an informal political face in many nations. Currently,...

Women’s Impact in Public Administration

Introduction By and large, the representation of women in public administration is still low when compared to men. Although this number has been swelling over the years, it does not automatically imply that political the interests of women are receiving full attention. Important questions are being asked about the exact...

The US Political Parties and the Electoral Process

Differences between Democrats and Republicans In the United States, only two parties have been successful, and many citizens are aware of their differences, even though they are not aware of their ideologies. Generally, liberalism is the main ideology that is associated with the Democratic Party, while conservatism is a philosophy...

US Military Involvement in Mexico’s Drug Wars

Introduction The relationships of the United States and Mexico are developed in different directions and regulated by a number of laws and regulations. The presence of intermixed cultures and economies promotes the dependency of these countries on each other, and the events that happen in one country influence the events...

Politics: China’s Relations with North Korea

Introduction China and North Korea have maintained bilateral relations for a very long time. They have enjoyed close diplomatic ties that have facilitated collaborations in various economic and foreign policy endeavors. However, these ties have been eroded by disagreements between the two countries regarding critical matters such as possession of...

Nuclear Weapon and Its Dangers

Abstract Many people do not understand the dangers of nuclear weapons. Proponents of nuclear weapons perceive them as the ultimate source of the state’s security. They believe that nuclear weapons prevent states from attacking each other. Individuals supporting nuclear weapons claim that the weapons promote deterrence. However, they overlook the...

Iran Versus the World: Iran’s Nuclear Power Ambitions

Introduction Iran’s nuclear program was thrown into the world’s spotlight following the 2002 revelations that the country had undeclared nuclear activities in progress. Since then, the international community has engaged in a series of measures aimed at forcing Iran to abandon its nuclear ambitions or at least slow them down....

Executives and Legislatures: Britain and the USA

Introduction There is a longstanding debate in the mainstream political arena over which political structures – executive or legislative – best accomplishes the reasonable policy outcomes as envisaged by traditional as well as contemporary democratic theorists. Interestingly, there exist differences of opinion and practice within similar political systems, implying that...

Death Penalty: Arguments for Abolishing

Introduction The existence of the Criminal Justice System is vital to the survival of the modern human civilization. It is through this system that the government provides legally sanctioned ways to deal with lawbreakers. The various punishments available for use by the justice system serve a deterrence function as well...

Immigration Reform and Citizenship for Illegal Immigrants

Introduction Immigration reform is a political discussion on how to change and improve the current condition of the immigration system. People relocate to the United States because of the promises of economic prosperity, freedom, and high quality of living. However, the current immigration system is ineffective and does not fulfill...

American Foreign Policies for North Korea

Introduction The US employs different foreign policies when dealing with rogue states. Two former administrations maintained the US foreign policy of Comprehensive Containment; Bush I and Clinton governments. It describes the economic, military, and diplomatic strategies used to combat terror and ‘contain’ weapons of mass destruction (WMD) (Kang, 2003). On...

Why Is There a Strong Russian Influence in Syrian Crisis?

Introduction The Syrian crisis is in its fourth year, despite several efforts by the international community for reconciliation. Over the four years of the crisis, Russia and Iran have continued to openly support the position of the Syrian government that is led by Assad. For instance, Russia showed its influence...

American Citizens’ Political Interest

Introduction The United States of America prides itself in being the leader of the free world. This great nation advocates for the adoption of democratic values by all nations in the world. Within its borders, democracy is highly valued and the political rights of the citizens are fiercely protected by...

Public Human Resource Management in the UAE

Deputy Department in the Governmental Entity Pros and cons of centralised vs decentralised HR responsibilities One of the dilemmas that organisations encounter arises when deciding on whether to embrace a centralised or decentralised system of human resource management. The two systems have both advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits...

Gun Control as a Controversial Topic in China and US

Introduction Gun ownership is a controversial topic that draws a lot of debate around the globe because it touches a very sensitive issue of security. People wish to go about their routine activities without worrying about threats to their lives or property that they have acquired through hard work. A...

Federalism and Its Impact in the United States

The US government has been successful in its use of the federal government in public administration. The system enables devolution of resources to the people in an efficient manner. This paper evaluates the concept of federalism. It traces its origin and examines its utilitarian value to the people of the...

The World Trade Organization for the United States

The World Trade Organization is an international organization with global operations and is charged with the responsibility of handling rules of trade among member countries. The core elements of the World Trade Organization include negotiating agreements that have already been signed by a majority of the trading nations in the...

Africa–China Relations: Benefits and Threats

Introduction Africa has been a great interest in China. During the colonial period when major world countries were struggling to have a piece of the African territory, China was at the forefront in advocating for the liberation of African countries. This was the fact that made China greatly stand out....

Capital Punishment’ History

History: Landmark Cases The state must decide to retain or abolish capital punishment based on popular appeal and legal precedence. In this regard, it is important to point out that the trend in execution has varied over the past few decades (Kirchmeier 45). Nevertheless, there is significant public support for...

British Political Parties’ Role Since the 1950s

Introduction At one point in Britain, anyone wishing to influence or build public policy had to be a member of a political party. Political parties were considered as the sole avenues that people could use to air their views on democratic issues. In the 1950s, political parties offered voters consequential...

Future Challenges Within the Intelligence Community

Future Challenges Within the Intelligence Community Although the Intelligence Community may not have fully eliminated security threats, a lot of work has already been done regarding the identification process. It is crucial to mention that the community is large and unless the collected intelligence information is harmonized and analyzed at...

The United Nations Security Council and Its Power

The realization of effective international relations is central toward fostering global peace and security. Historically, poor intercontinental affairs led to the development of devastating conflicts as depicted by cases of World War I and World War II. As such, the establishment of the United Nations (UN) in 1945, just after...

Public Policy on Drug Abuse

Introduction Over the past decades, the problem of drug abuse has continued to present challenges to our government, our families, and the whole society in general. As an important component that drives and directs our society, the government has been developing several measures aimed at mitigating the challenge of drug...

Karl Marx’s Ideas: Society Alienation and Conflict Theory

After assessing Marx’s theories and ideas, I came to appreciate the value and contribution of his work in fostering knowledge in society. As I educated myself about Marx’s works, I began to appreciate how multidimensional they are as they cover social, economic, and cultural aspects of social relations. My interest...

The Legal Nature of Public International Law

Introduction Public international law is comprised of rules and regulations that govern the relations between different countries, between countries and international organizations, and between countries and certain individuals (Botha, Ehrenbeck & Finney 2011). Public international law can be divided into five main categories: humanitarian law, international human rights law, international...

Public Education Policy in the United States

Public policy is a collection of deliberations that shapes the manner in which a country is managed (Kraft and Furlong 1). The study of public policy majorly aims to bring into perspective the importance of governments as well as how the efficiency of these governments can be enhanced. Today, the...

National Identity Cards in Developing Countries

Introduction The use of national identity cards dates back to the First World War when they were used as statutory registration schemes. In fact, the British colonial government used the identity card system to identify and control people in their colonies (Arora, 2008). Since then, national identity cards have been...

Domestic Marijuana Production in the United States

Introduction While there exist many drugs that have been earmarked as illicit, Cannabis Sativa (commonly known as Marijuana) takes the position of the most popular illegal drugs in many parts of the world. The World Health Organization (2010) records that “2.5% of the world’s population consume marijuana” making it by...

The East-West Link Infrastructure Project

Scope of the Project The East West Link infrastructure project was initiated by the Victorian State government in the year 2012 to construct a road that was to link the Western Ring Road and Eastern Freeway through Melbourne. The official commencement of the program was expected to start by the...

Ningbo Factory Protests and China’s Government Response

Was the response by Chinese government to Ningbo protest justified? With the growing market of petroleum products, the Chinese government had intentions to expand the petroleum refinery plant in Ningbo. The environmentalists in this part of the country could not take this in the name of pollution and environmental degradation....

American House of Representatives and Senate

The political system of the United States is complex and consists of several levels. One of the main structures in the system is the United States Congress, which was established in 1789 as a bicameral structure that consists of two separate houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Despite...

Human Rights in Public International Law

Introduction Human rights refer to basic privileges or freedoms that human beings are entitled to regardless of their sex, origin, economic status, social standing, race, or gender (Moriarty & Massa, 2012). These rights are based on the principle of respect for human beings and they are universal, inalienable, and inherent...

Mexico’s Globalization and Democratization

Introduction Since the late 20th century, globalization has been the principal topic both in pubic and academic spectrums. For decades, different quarters attribute their socio-economic and political challenges to globalization. For example, economists associate the unpredictable booms and depressions to the unrestrained globalization, the risk of losing minority cultures have...

India and China Political Systems Comparison

Introduction India and China are complex political systems which are both fragmented and characterized by serious flaws. In India, inefficiencies are due to the polarized nature of political parties and the deep divisions in Indian society while China’s inefficiencies result from the lack of autonomous lower level government organs. These...

The Executive and the Legislature Comparison: USA and Britain

Introduction The United States of America has a presidential system of government whereas Britain has parliamentary system of government. The presidential system as opposed to the parliamentary system is characterized by strict principle of separation of powers between the executive and the legislature. Consequently, party systems are more powerful and...

Iran and the Western World’ Relation

Introduction The relationship between Iran and the Western world has been confrontations since 1979 when the country experienced a revolution that led to the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This turbulent relationship worsened in 2002 when it was discovered that Iran was engaged in clandestine nuclear activities. The...

China’s National Interests and Regional Relations

Introduction National interests are a concept, vital to the sphere of foreign policy. China’s core national interests include the defense of its sovereignty, national security, and the integrity of its territory, the reunification of the nation, the maintenance of the current political system, social stability, and social and economic development....

The Rise of China and Its Effects on the US

This paper focuses on the main effects of the rise of China on the US/China relations. First, the rise of China promotes economic development in the US. In the last two decades, most US companies have joined the Chinese market. As a result, they have increased their profits and share...

Death Penalty Closure and Crime Rate Effect

From a certain perspective, it is not hard to view capital punishment as a state-sponsored program geared towards the destruction of people’s lives. It is difficult to justify the right to kill another human being. Thus, it is imperative to define and defend the right to destroy lives. Supporters of...

China in Africa: Sino-African Relations Aspects

Introduction Africa has been a great interest in the eyes of China. During the colonial period when major world countries were all struggling to have a piece of Africa, China was at the forefront in advocating for the liberation of African countries from colonialism. This is a fact that made...

The US Foreign Policies on China

Introduction We examine the US foreign policies on China based on a number of emerging issues, which have shifted the relationship from direct to indirect in terms of containing China. This research explores matters related to China’s border disputes, currency, trade, security, diplomacy, energy, governance, and other emerging issues from...

Globalization and International Trade in History

The History of Global Trading The global trade commenced long ago with the initial trade activities involving the exchange of goods with goods, commonly known as the barter trade. The barter trade was universal in the period up to the 15th century. However, it was soon replaced by the Mercantilism...

International Trade: Advantages and Disadvantages

Introduction One of the main drivers of national economies around the world is good and reliable international trade partnerships. According to economic experts, international trade is very important to a country’s economy with regard to expanding the market for its local products, as well as creating a good business environment...

Constitutive Elements of Customary International Law

Introduction Customary international law is defined by Talmon as an aspect of the international law that is based on principles of customs.1 It is one of the primary sources of law used at the International Criminal Court and many other member states of the United Nations. It is often used...

Challenges of Infrastructure’s Modernization in KSA

Introduction Infrastructural development is crucial for the collective development of a society and the functioning of an economy. It encompasses various interconnected physical, structural elements, which ensure sustainable frameworks for development. Such elements include roads, telecommunication, water supply networks, sewer lines, and electrical gridlines, among others. In the modernization era,...

Is the Death Penalty Just and Applied Fairly?

For a very long time, the death penalty has been a part of human civilization. From one perspective, it might seem like a reasonable thing to do, in response to some of the crimes that are committed by individuals. The most important question raised is, do people have the right...

Emiratisation: the UAE Government and Private Sector

Introduction Emiratization is an affirmative action policy of the United Arab Emirates Government that gives preferential hiring status to Emiratis over expatriates in order to preserve national identity, economic sustainability, and political stability. The initiative has been exercised for more than ten years. However, the unemployment challenge for nationals continues...

Democracy: Pluralist Theory and Elite Theory

Introduction Social scientists offer various theories for understanding political power in the United States. However, the pluralist and elite theories are the most popular (Dahl, Shapiro, and Cheibub 381). There are obvious advantages and disadvantages of each theory, but the pluralist theory is the most preferred. Whereas the affairs of...

International Law for Intergovernmental Organizations

The initial definition of international law had a limited list of subjects. Under the old definition, only the sovereign states were liable to be subject to international law policies. The internal political and geographical units, such as the states within the countries such as the United States, Canada, or Australia,...

Politics: Iran and Saudi Arabia’s Regional Balance of Power

Introduction The conflict between Iran and Saudi Arabia has been the main cause of instability in the Persian Gulf (Al-Labbad par. 1). This conflict has elicited debates internationally, especially among countries in the West. Each of the two countries has individual internal conflicts that present challenges to its style governance...