Psychology Paper Samples

Cognitive Psychology Definition and Aspects

Introduction In the early 20th century, psychologists focused primarily on behavioral psychology. However, this changed as they began to explore mental processes. Psychologists realized that the use of behavioral psychology to determine mental processes were inconsistent. Moreover, the utilization of scientific methods in psychology was advancing. Therefore, the shift from...

Middle Childhood Cognitive Development and Learning

Introduction Explanations of the normal growth have been postulated by many theorists including Vygotsky, Erikson, Piaget and Kohberg, to help understand the way people attain cognitive development. Currently, there are many ongoing researches that are seeking to provide vital information about the nature of these developments. Growth and development in...

Cross-Cultural Psychology: Definition and Elements

Introduction The purpose of this essay is to address primary elements of cross-cultural psychology. It shows the relationship between culture and psychology, the role of critical thinking and methodology applied in cross-cultural psychology. Several factors, particularly biological, contribute in shaping a person’s behaviors. However, experiences play critical roles in shaping...

Clinical Psychology: History and Nature

Introduction The purpose of this essay is to examine basic elements of Clinical Psychology. It focuses on history and evolving nature of the discipline, the role of research and statistics and the difference between Clinical Psychology and other related disciplines. The major developments in Clinical Psychology were noted during the...

Human Behavior: Evolutionary Psychological Approach

Introduction Evolution psychology has attempted to provide an important framework for explaining the origin and development of human behavior. Theorists and scholars in psychology and evolution have shown that the approach was likely to solve the historical absurdities affecting the origins of human behavior. By examining psychological traits of humans,...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Misdiagnosis

Introduction ADHD misdiagnosis in children literally means there are mistakes in the diagnostic process conducted by the medical practitioner or other stakeholders involved, such as the teacher or the care provider. The literature states that the process of diagnosis should be conducted in at least two settings (i.e. at home...

Human Mind Functioning in Psychoanalytic Theory

Introduction The Viennese psychiatrist, Sigmund Freud, was one of the most influential figures of the 20th century in the fields of psychology and psychiatry. His psychoanalytic theory provided a comprehensive explanation of the functioning of the human mind, in particular, and human behavior in general. This theory made a significant...

How Television Can Affect Children in a Positive Way?

Research question For decades, there have been arguments that television programs have negative effects on children. Many people believe that most television programs do not add value to their children. Consequently, many suppose that rather than watching television, children ought to focus on essential issues like studying, sports, and other...

Theories of Motivation in the UAE

Introduction Motivation is the process that begins with a psychological or physiological need that helps in activating behaviors that are directed towards the achievement of specific goals. Various theories are useful in explaining how employees are motivated and offer suggestions for how motivation in the workplace can be enhanced. This...

Perception, Analysis and Performance

Perception, analysis, and performance – here are the three key elements of cognitive psychology. Which of them do you think is the most important? In fact, they all work in complex, but perception is a starting point for the other elements. One of the most convenient ways of understanding a...

Psychologists’ Involvement in Military Interrogations

Introduction Psychologists’ involvement in military interrogations is a significant issue that received national attention in the United States after the Hoffman report was made public in 2015. According to the report, many American psychologists have been involved in the so-called enhanced interrogation of detainees during the U.S. War on Terror...

The Effect of Obesity on Adulthood Development

Introduction While the physical effects of obesity on young people are widely discussed, the psychological aspect of this serious disease has not yet reached sufficient attention and level of analysis. Meanwhile, mental problems associated with obesity can lead to severe complications during the period of adulthood development. Thus, it is...

Personality: Attachment Theory

Abstract This paper is a comprehensive research on the developmental theory of personality specifically the attachment theory. Attachment theory is the common theory used in psychology especially when dealing with infant and mother relationship. This theory has played a critical role in the establishment of child care policies as well...

The Effects of Nurseries on the Children Development

Abstract The development of children has been a topic of extensive research, and it has been found that educational establishments (such as nurseries and schools) are beneficial for children’s development at a very early age. In many countries, nurseries are regarded as an important step in children’s acquisition of motor...

Children Behavior Changes

Introduction The explosion of behavior changes on children has sparked a series of developmental theories to explain this controversy. The theories help in organizing and seeking meaning to the controversial topics. Should parents be allowed to punish their children physically if they want to? Different opinions emerge based on personal,...

Family Violence: Adult-Child Sexual Abuse

Introduction The intensity of child abuse is highly dependent on the environment that the kid resides, which includes the home and the school. The vice takes different forms, and it can be sexual, physical, verbal, or emotional abuse. Children who are subject to any of the mentioned abuses exhibit redundancy...

Group Communication Experiences at School

Introduction As human beings, we are faced with many situations where we have to work in a group environment so as to achieve certain goals. A group is defined as a number of people who carry out various tasks together in a bid to achieve predetermined goals and objectives. Groups...

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Various Diseases

Introduction Mental and behavioural illnesses have had a long history of stigma, which has devastating effects on the lives of people with psychiatric disorders, their families, and those who care for them (Ben-Zeev et al.). Because of the stigma, and because of the adverse effects of mental and behavioural illnesses,...

Cognitive Dissonance Effects on Attitudes and Behavior

Since cognitive dissonance theory was first proposed in 1957, psychologists have carried out number of studies to determine the relationship between human behavior and attitudes. They also aim at determining whether behavior has an impact on attitude change. The contradicting findings by Leon Festinger and James Carlsmith (1959) and those...

Gender Influence on Deviant Acts

Deviant behavior is defined as a behavior that contradicts established social norms. However, from the perspective of different social theories related to deviant behavior, different deviant acts can be interpreted differently in different societies and in different countries. According to Macionis & Gerber (2006): Deviance is the recognized violation of...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Effects of Child Sexual Abuse

Introduction Children normally form the most vulnerable group in each society. This is because of the fact that they are vulnerable to cases of maltreatment, sexual abuse, and even neglect given their tender ages, which make them dependent on the adults (Crosson-Tower, 2008). Child sexual abuse is among the common...

What Is the Anxiety?

Abstract Anxiety disorders include the problems that have the characteristics of extreme fear, tenseness, and allied behavioral disruptions. Social anxiety disorder generates fear of social conditions where one foresees getting humiliated, judged, or abandoned. Panic disorder causes frequent unpredicted terror attacks, which occur as impulsive periods of deep fear that...

Sex Education in Middle School

Introduction There is general agreement among members of the society that education is of great importance to the youth. However, some disagreements arise concerning which subjects should be taught in school. One subject that faces significant controversy is the inclusion of sex education in the curriculum of middle grade students....

Functional Behavior Assessment and Intervention Plan

Introduction Behavior is a way of communication of an individual, which describes much about their health and desires. Problem behavior refers to behaviors that the society or legal authorities perceive as a setback. All human behavior occurs in a context and serves a particular purpose (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007)....

Street Harassment and Its Effects on Victims

Introduction Street harassment is a social issue that has gradually become a challenge in modern societies. The issue takes various forms, which comprise sexual, ethnic, and racial harassment. Whereas other forms of harassment are minimal, sexual harassment is the most pronounced form that several women experience as they engage in...

Children’s Behavioral and Family Problems

Introduction The family is the most important socialization institution in human society. It is the first relationship that is exposed to children. Having been brought up in Kuwait, I can attest that the role of the family in any society cannot be underrated, particularly the upbringing of children. The future...

The Institutional Gaze in Anger Management

Definitions Panopticon – this term underscores an architectural manifestation of the surveillance and power dynamics applied in any town or area where there was a plague infection. Jeremy Bentahm came up with the diagrammatic equivalent of this system of surveillance and discipline by sketching and annular tower surrounded by prison...

Autism Spectrum Disorders Definition

Introduction The main topic discussed in the given paper is autism spectrum disorder across the lifespan. The major purpose of the study is the investigation of various social and psychological implications of the disorder for both diagnosed and undiagnosed adults and children with autism, as well as their caregivers and...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder vs Attention Deficit Disorder

Introduction Psychological anomaly is a branch of psychology that focuses on new ways of understanding and helping people with psychological disorders. In general, the behavior is considered abnormal when the reaction of a person or rather their emotional state deviates from the norm. It deals with the study of abnormal...

Erik Erikson’s Theories of Human Development

Introduction Any form of growth occurs in stages. Similarly, human development occurs in different stages from infancy through childhood to adulthood. Erik Erikson’s approach to life of an individual from infancy to adulthood is one of the most recognized theories of human development. The theory breaks down the life of...

Motivation in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – Psychology

Introduction The motivation is one of the most important problems in management. The firms should pay attention to the talents and personal qualities of their employees as well as to their needs. There are different theories of motivation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs represents the systematization of human needs and motivating...

Language Role in Cognitive Psychology

Language plays one of the central roles in human cognition. People perceive information with the help of language (both oral and written). In the era of information, language has become even more important. It is necessary to note that researchers started looking into the matter in the late 19th century....

Children’ Playing Concept – Psychology

Playing as it relates to children, families, and a description of how it relates to Family Engagement and why it is important Playing makes children active. It makes children engage their whole bodies and explore their surroundings with all senses (Rani and Vijayany, 2012). This shows that playing has a...

Hormones and Behavior Interaction

Introduction For a long time, the relationship between hormones and human behavior has been the focus of many psychologists (Swaab, 2004). However, this focus has only recently surfaced as an important analysis in the understanding of gender identity. This paper focuses on this issue by demonstrating how the interaction between...

Infancy and Early Childhood Development – Psychology

Infancy refers to the period when a human being is aged between 1 and 12 months. Infancy is marked by rapid physical growth, which aids an infant’s new abilities. An infant is able to roll over, sit unaided at 6 months, and crawls or walks at age 12 months. At...

Bipolar Disorder’ Causes and Treatment

Bipolar disorder is a condition of the brain, which causes abnormal shifts in activities and moods. There are two types of bipolar disorders: bipolar I and bipolar II. The general symptoms of bipolar I (a single manic episode) include talking very fast, making loud speech, insomnia, substance abuse, hyperactive activity...

Concept of Self

The concept of self is a widely studied discourse in modern psychology. The study of self is widely embraced in psychology discipline. Indeed, it has been an important part of development in the study of psychology. One of the compelling factors in the study of self concept has been long...

Social Psychology Discipline

Social psychology is scientific discipline that seeks to understand and explain how individuals’ thoughts and feelings influence the way they imagine and relate to each other. Hence, the discipline scientifically scrutinizes psychological aspects that are measurable and observable in human beings (Brown, 2006). It is certain that social psychology deals...

Methodology of Psychology Research

Introduction Research methodologies are founded on fundamental concepts as keys to data interpretation. A research methodology portrays the utilization of key instruments and tools to reach a respondent, who can provide an answer to a particular identified phenomenon. Various methods have been used for study over the years, and every...

Divorce and Its Effect on Children

Introduction America has the highest divorce rate in the world and the current rates are the highest ever recorded in history. Nearly half of the children born in the 1980 experienced divorce or separation in America (Hetherington and Camara, 1984; Lamanna and Riedmann, 1985). Though divorce is more prevalent among...

Child Development and Learning – Developmental Psychology

Human Intellectual Development Jean Piaget studied intellectual growth of children and formulated intellectual development theory that describes the sequential mental development process during childhood. When children are born, they use their senses of touch to feel and understand the world up to the age of two years. As the children...

Cognitive Abilities Development of Children

Introduction Communication refers to a two-way spoken or non-spoken process of sharing information, ideas, and feelings between individuals with the aim of developing a common understanding. The process of communicating with children takes place even before they are born. It continues until they become mature people who are able to...

Human Minds in Twain’s The Lowest Animal – Psychology

Knowing what is wrong is not enough to stay away from making mistakes like lying, cheating, hurting, taking revenge, punishing, and offending. However, why do so many people pleasure themselves in taking revenge? Every single one of us is aware that doing this is wrong and bad, and it is...

African American Girl Development

Running head: Developmental Psychology This case study presents findings with regard to the development of an African American girl. Understanding the developmental processes and psychology associated with child development is crucial in elaborating the needs of children at different stages of life. Developmental psychology provides an explanation of the changes related...

Maslow’s and the Two-Factor Motivation Theories

In the year 1959, a behavioral scientist and management theorist by the name Frederick Herzberg, proposed a hygiene-motivator theory called the two factor theory. According to him, some job factors caused satisfaction while others caused dissatisfaction. He categorically based his theory on two factors; Hygiene factors and motivational factors. According...

Modern Theories of Motivation in Psychology

After the First World War, there was a shift in organizational studies due to the effects that psychological studies and human resources had on organizations. The initiation of the change is known as the Hawthorne effect. The effect focused on the motivation of teams and groups to the achievement of...

What is Psychology?

Psychology is a field that involves the study of how the brain works and the causes of human behavior (Eysenck, 2000). The main goal of psychology is to understand the behaviors of individuals at different levels. A professional who practices in this field is known as a psychologist (Eysenck, 2000)....

Effects of Divorce on Children

Introduction Divorce has a significant impact on the lives of children who are still young and innocent. It introduces a drastic change in the lives of young children whose parents are splitting up, making them emotionally distressed. In many instances, when parents fight, children are caught in between, and they...

Hypnosis – Fake or Real?

Hypnosis refers to the state of trance-formed experience and enhanced susceptibility. Under certain aspects, hypnotized people fall asleep. Nevertheless, some of the aspects of people’s behavior contradict the notion of hypnosis because people are often attentive to the hypnotist’s offerings, which can a be absurd and irrational. Despite their obedience...

Personality Theories

Introduction Theories of personality have always been formulated to explain personality and the development of personality traits. These theories tend to focus on conceptions of personality which applies to everyone. Personality is characterized by patterns of behaviors, feelings as well as thoughts which make an individual unique. Among the theories...

Negative Effects of Divorce on Children

Divorce has become a common occurrence in contemporary society. In the United States, for example, more than fifty percent of marriages end up in divorce (Huffman 1). The most worrying aspect of these divorces is the fact that most of the couples who divorce put their children in insurmountable problems...

Traumatic Experiences

According to one of the core concepts, traumatic experiences are inherently complex (NCTSN Core Curriculum on Childhood Trauma Task Force 2012). All the traumatic events usually involve varying traumatic experiences. In case of Amarika and her family, their traumatic experience was witnessing a life-threatening injury. Amarika’s mother, Makisha Lawrence, was...