Over the years, crime analysis has remained one of the most effective strategies for decreasing crimes and ensuring citizens’ safety. There exist several ways of analyzing the crimes and figuring out the motives of the criminals, but the most common and effective ones are tactical, strategic, and administrative analyses. They all target the different aspects of law enforcement policies, but their combined use ensures effective police work.
Tactical crime analysis considers the information the officers get on the most recent offenses. The analysis usually deals with immediate crimes, so it may be called short-term oriented. The analytics usually provide information that might help the police officers solve the crime (Belur & Johnson, 2018). The example of the tactical analysis concerns the analysis of the information about the crime scene, victims, and suspects. It also regards establishing and solving a series of crimes. The intended audience of the tactical analysis is law enforcement officers who investigate crimes.
Strategic crime analysis may be regarded as long-term oriented since it considers the offenses from one month to ten years. It establishes the growth or decrease of the level of criminality in particular places and searches for the reason for it (Belur & Johnson, 2018). Statistics is used for studying criminal tendencies, which is helpful for the effective protection of the citizens. A monthly or yearly brief of any police department may be an example of strategic analysis. It contains data on crimes in particular areas that might be helpful for the effective allocation of the forces. The audience of strategic analysis is police officers and law department officials.
Administrative crime analysis provides more generalized data than tactical or strategic analyses. It is not oriented toward solving particular crimes or problems. Long-term planning is the matter of its main concern (Belur & Johnson, 2018). The most common example of the administrative analysis task is providing police departments, other law institutions, or citizens with economic, law, or geographic data on occurring crimes. Hence, its audience includes not only police officers and officials but ordinary people as well.
Tactical, strategic, and administrative crime analyses are currently the main ways of solving crimes and establishing the truth. These types of analyzing information concern different aspects of a police officer’s work and target different audiences. It is necessary to understand the difference between them since it regards various aspects of investigative work. Combining these three types of analyses helps police officers solve crimes effectively and accurately.
Belur, J. & Johnson, S. (2018). Is crime analysis at the heart of policing practice? A case study. Policing and Society, 28(7). Web.