Discipline is not Prevention: Transforming the Cultural Foundations of Campus Rape Culture
The campus is tailored to provide a favorable environment for students to achieve better grades and have moral life. Unfortunately, rape has taken over on most campuses, an issue that needs addressing. According to McCabe (2020), a typical rape is perpetrated by individuals known to the victim, mostly away from campus premises. However, the situation has changed over the years since students have stopped attending dates and instead participate in campus events and hookup cultures, which have become the context of many rape cases. The article affirmed that 0.2 to 0.25 of campus ladies are at risk of sexual assaults. Consequently, the researchers propose that campus management should pay more attention to rape cases as they may have devastating consequences for victims. Thus, the article is relevant to my project since it provides vital information on perpetrators’ strategies in campus rape assault cases.
Campus Sexual Assault : College Women Respond
According to Germain (2016), at North Carolina University, campus students marched chanting ‘one in four, no more.’ Many students supported this chanting since it involved what they thought was complacency among campus administrators concerning sexual assault allegations of their colleagues. It sounds weird how they claim that their friends assaulted their fellow students. In college institutions today, students are careless about the friends they make, only to end up being assaulted. The author argues that a few years ago, advocates and students developed communal awareness based on sexual violence on several campuses. The researchers also provide a detailed report from the US Senate on how higher learning institutions should respond to sexual assaults. Therefore, the article can guide the project in developing reliable indicators and solutions to curb rape cases in institutions.
Campuses of Consent : Sexual and Social Justice in Higher Education
Kulbaga & Spencer (2019) address an issue posted in a student newspaper that tweeted a picture of a congratulatory letter to all admitted students. The letter included contradicting information about freedom of inquiry and expression. According to Kulbaga & Spencer (2019), the letter’s tone indicated that the dean enjoyed scandals surrounding education. However, it was not intended to suggest that the freedom to assault and harass others is permitted. These contradicting information sources on campuses give students negative thoughts, which may lead to issues such as sexual assaults. Thus, freedom of expression should not be taken to mean the freedom to assault, but few students take advantage of such contradicting information to enjoy themselves while hurting others. Thus, the authors suggest that deans and school management should take their time when developing policies and sending out information so that they don’t pass the wrong message. This article is crucial since it sheds light on the role of misinformation in supporting negative behaviors. Thus, it will guide the project toward identifying contributing factors to rape assaults.
The Campus Rape Frenzy: The Attack on Due Process at America’s Universities
Johnson & Taylor Jr (2018) suggest that prominent politicians have teamed up over the years to portray higher learning institutions in the US as filled with criminal activity. However, despite their claims, despite receiving widespread acceptance, evidence suggests that sexual assault on female victims is largely ignored and unacknowledged by professors, student leaders, and higher learning institutions. Thus, the authors suggest that the building frenzy about rape on campus premises is fuelled by ineffective sexual assault policies and lawless policies that do not serve their intended purpose. Johnson & Taylor Jr (2018) explore several cases associated with sexual assault in universities since 2010, allowing them to point out several events regarding victims and proprietors of sexual misdemeanors. As a result, the book is essential as it will provide information on how universities handle these cases and whether the right rulings are often made concerning gender and other factors.
Rape and Sexual Assault on College Campuses: An Intersection of Gender and Social Class
Roebuck & Murty (2016) suggest that rape cases on campuses have become a public health issue due to their high prevalence and limited attention given to the victims. As a result, the researchers collected data using an online survey on a random sample of university students at Barnard College, NY, and Columbia University. Their paper generally focused on victims’ experiences with varying forms of sexual assault. According to their results, about 22% of students reported sexual assault at least once since they enrolled in the institution. However, female victims experience a higher prevalence of assaults, followed by gender non-conforming students. Moreover, assailants use techniques like drugging their victims, physical force, and verbal coercion. The study also identifies the factors associated with the increased risk of sexual assault among these groups. Hence, it provides relevant information for the project since it will inform its literature review and guide the research design to accommodate more contributing factors and variables.
Germain, L. J. (2016). Campus sexual assault: College women respond. JHU Press.
Johnson, K. C., & Taylor Jr, S. (2018). The campus rape frenzy: The attack on due process at America’s universities. Encounter Books.
Kulbaga, T. A., & Spencer, L. G. (2019). Campuses of consent: Sexual and social justice in higher education. University of Massachusetts Press.
McCabe, M. (2020). Discipline is not prevention: Transforming the cultural foundations of campus rape culture. Journal of Moral Theology, 9(Special Issue 2), 49-71.
Roebuck, J. B., & Murty, K. S. (2016). Rape and sexual assault on college campuses: An intersection of gender and social class. Race, Gender & Class, 23(3-4), 89-108. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186471