The use of nuclear weapons has been a major concern by many countries today. This has made several states to invest a lot of resources in research with regard to nuclear weapons thus raising the perception that a country can only be recognized as a super power by having a strong military force equipped with modern nuclear weapons. As such, some countries have used nuclear weapons to intimidate others and prove their superiority on them. Extreme destructive power associated with the use of nuclear weapons makes some countries to cause havoc and intimidation to countries which are less equipped with such weapons.
Issues Surrounding the Use of Nuclear Weapons
Tuck focuses on the revolution of military power and the use of nuclear weapons by some states (Tuck, 1999). Traditionally, the urge to cause mutual pain and suffering were the major causes of warfare. This has changed over time and the urge to have a strong military has been the prime focus by many nations in the recent past. This is due to the perception that in order for a country to be coercive, its ability to anticipate and avoid attacks from another state must be acquired at all costs and thus the need to have strong nuclear weapons with advanced technology.
Baylis argues that in an era where terrorism and suicide bombing have been the major security concern, deterrence in the use of nuclear weapons by various states such as the U.S. has led to doubts and uncertainties (Baylis, 2010). The lack of clear policies and regulations governing the use of nuclear weapons has been a major hindrance in their abolishment. Additionally, other countries such as Iraq have declined to abolish the use and manufacture of nuclear weapons and thus are able to intimidate other nations with their massive weapons of mass destruction. Such countries often become a threat to international security as they usually engage in war crimes and suicidal bombing.
The importance of having nuclear weapons to the U.S. has raised doubts in various countries and hence the hesitation to abolish the use of nuclear weapons. Proliferation in the use of nuclear energy in various states makes it impossible to control the spread of nuclear weapons in the world. Additionally, the perception associated with nuclear weapons as making a country a super power due to its vast collection of nuclear armory makes other nations crave to amass such weapons of mass destruction.
Baylis emphasizes on the need for proliferation of nuclear weapons and the implications of 9/11/2001 attacks in the U.S. (Baylis, 2010). Since the future of warfare lies in the use of nuclear weapons as the major defense arsenal, proliferation and deterrence will remain a pipe dream as the major super powers try to proof their might and readiness for an attack by developing more sophisticated weapons of mass destruction.
The greatest challenge to deterrent on the use of nuclear weapons is posed by the rapid growing technological levels and computer programs used in the development of the arsenal. The broad set of external threats to the security of a nation has also made it impossible for countries to abolish the use of nuclear weapons. Consequently, the U.S. has opted to retain its nuclear weapons so as to curb attacks on its soil by countries that continues to develop more nuclear arsenal.
All in all, the use of nuclear weapons should be abolished so as to ensure a peaceful world. The effects of wars by use of nuclear weapons have had far reaching effects on some countries and thus should be avoided at all costs. This will go a long way in promoting international relations between various countries and thus reduce the bluff associated with the use of such arsenal.
Baylis, J., Wirtz, J. J., & Gray, C. S. (2010). Strategy in the contemporary world: Anintroduction to strategic studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tuck, R. (1999). The rights of war and peace: Political thought and the international order from Grotius to Kant. Oxford [England: New York.