Counterterrorism can be defined as the approach, practice, method, and policy that governments, armed forces, police force and organizations undertake to attack terrorists’ activities and threats. Terrorists’ attacks have been taking place in different parts of the world. Different countries have their different strategies and techniques when it comes to stopping terrorism attacks. Defeating terrorism attacks requires good strategies, combined efforts and global cooperation. Fighting against global terrorism is a worldwide venture that requires global support and collaboration. For instance, Counterterrorism Bureau works with well-known regional and world-wide organizations and other collaborating countries to attack terrorist enemies. International partners’ efforts are very important in realization of counter-terrorism goals of US government. US government finds strength in these partners and cannot achieve intended goals on their own.
United States government has been in partnership with so many countries in order to fight against terrorist attacks; they expect these countries to act in accordance with their terrorism policies and strategies. After the 9/11 attacks, the US government advanced its strategies of dealing with terrorists’ attacks. Global Counterterrorism Cooperation center is at-present embarking on a project to fortify US engagement with other global communities on counterterrorism. Even though the US is coming up with many strategies and tactics to stop terrorism activities, some partners are in-reality promoting terrorism problems. These countries fail to adopt US policies and so they end up promoting terrorists attacks. These problems are caused by differing opinions and plans concerning the attacks (Kraft, 47).
Operations of fighting against global terrorism ought to be partner-led; initiatives should be built in close cooperation with local countries or partners thus addressing the real issues on the ground. Their role should be to allow, strengthen and facilitate. Some countries that the US government depends on to help them stop terrorist attacks are the same countries that promote the attacks (Johnson, 101). This has been a great problem because protecting Americans against terrorist attacks is a founding purpose of US government. These countries feel that the US government is controlling the strategies and policies they utilize when fighting terrorism. Their policies differ and so they end up disagreeing on how to handle terrorists. Maintaining a global alliance is a great challenge when it comes to fighting terrorism. Whenever there is no global coalition, terrorists’ attacks and threats cannot be stopped this will as a result promote terrorism.
Some countries also believe that Osama bin Laden is a hero and considers US as the provoker and the attacker; this notion promotes terrorism problem. United States has created partnership with countries that believe that some terrorists are heroes and so they end up promoting problems of terrorism (Geltzer, 94). Through active civic international relations, people can efficiently convey the message that these attackers are not heroes but evil men and their deeds are manifestations of wickedness. The US government ought to come up with counterterrorism policies that effectively deal with terrorists’ threats without provoking neighboring countries. Most US counterterrorist policies focus on military/police viewpoint and disregard the prospects for international relations, mediation, diplomacy and change, particularly in the early phases of clashes.
Differing agendas and perspectives make tactics used to fight terrorism difficult to enforce. US government should ensure that countries they are working with to fight terrorism are supporting their policies and are in agreement; they should also make sure that their goals are similar (Friedlander, 23). Generating a counterterrorism policy involves all sectors of a society or government bureaus. When dealing with international terrorists, the focus should be at the state level. Fighting terrorism is not an easy task and so great support on counterterrorism efforts is required. Countries and individuals have their different points of view when it comes to terrorism and so it is not easy to come up with similar goals and policies.
To select the effectual policy when terrorism seems to be more of an isolated experience, the proper government union needs to recognize the source, incentive, techniques of preparation, and terrorist groups’ strategies. Some countries regard attackers as heroes and so they do not consider terrorism as wicked; such countries promote terrorism problems (Ploch, 81). Other countries do not consider US policies as being effective and so they do not agree with their counterterrorism efforts. There are countries which do not abhor terrorism, according to them terrorism is a form of justice and so working with them will only promote international terrorism. US need to establish such facts so that they can create long-term strategic terrorism movement. Active international relations will also help in solving this dilemma; people should be informed so that they can understand the magnitude of terrorists’ attacks and their ability to destroy the world. Terrorism policies should also bring about conformity and agreement thus destroying terrorists’ activities without creating divergence. U.S. leaders must come up with proper ways of implementing counterterrorism policies and tactics which are effectual and values the democratic traditions because they are the substratum of America’s potency.
Geltzer, Joshua.US counter-terrorism strategy and al-Qaeda: signaling and the terrorist world-view. Chicago: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
Friedlander, Robert. Terrorism: documents of international and local control. USA: Oceana Publications, 2009.
Johnson, Charles. Combating Terrorism: U.S. Government Should Improve Its Reporting on Terrorist Safe Havens. New York: DIANE Publishing, 2011.
Kraft, Michael. U.S. Government Counterterrorism: A Guide to Who Does What. USA: CRC Press, 2011.
Ploch, Lauren. Countering Terrorism in East Africa: The U.S. Response. New York: DIANE Publishing, 2011.