System Engineering Standards and Process Models

The systems of engineering standards, guidelines, process models, and compliance assessment models have greatly evolved in the recent past. The changes that have been made to the system have been influenced by the need to integrate the traditional standards with the engineering needs of the contemporary world. According to the Defense System Management College, a system refers to an incorporated combination of people, products, and processes that aim to meet a specific need or goal (Eisner 30). Also, the institution identifies that systems engineering has two major disciplines, namely technical knowledge and engineering management. System engineering was mainly developed with the intent to enhance the process of transferring user needs into an operational system through an interdisciplinary process. This approach has been spearheaded by businesses, governments, professional societies, and enterprises with a desire to have competitive business models. Three engineering process models apply in meeting various needs (Badiru 12). The first one is called the waterfall model, which mainly applies to develop software. The process entails eight steps that are entirely dependent on each other starting with the first one. The second model is the Vee process, which entails the technical aspect of the project cycle. The third one is the spiral process model that aims to identify and address any possible risks in the life cycle of a product. The process of coming up with various products entails an array of activities that are closely connected to the total engineering effort aimed at achieving a specific objective (Sage 29).

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Compliance is one of the most important elements of effective systems engineering processes. According to experts, organizations ought to comply with the systems engineering standards to maintain high competitiveness in their respective industries. Effective compliance entails investigating the quality standards, costs, and effectiveness of the engineering systems designed to meet specific goals (Martin 100). It is important to note that one of the main elements of systems engineering entails managing the acquisition of highly complex systems for high-end usage in fields such as the military, space, and software development. One of the common characteristics of the three fields is the undisputed importance of compliance with the set standards and operational guidelines. However, experts argue that compliance does not guarantee the success of a project, although it plays a crucial role in mitigating the associated risks (Badiru 39). Therefore, any organization needs to apply systems engineering to ensure that all the objectives are clearly defined to increase the chances of achieving their desired results (Gurunatha 9).

Systems engineering creates value through its application beyond the traditional engineering models. The application of an engineering system to generate specific products entails a process designed specifically to suit each element of the system (Martin 111). The effectiveness of the processes depends a lot on the ability of an organization to bring together a team of highly competent individuals with the necessary knowledge and skills to handle the needs of the system. This means that no universal engineering system applies to every process geared towards meeting a specific objective (Rouse 40). Therefore, it is important to ensure that the engineering systems used in each case are developed according to their specific needs and the objectives to be met. Also, the processes involved in systems engineering are not necessarily sequential (Sage 69). Normally, the different system functions apply in a parallel and repetitive manner until the desired result is achieved.

Works Cited

Badiru, Adedeji. Handbook of Industrial and Systems Engineering. New York: CRC Press, 2013. Print.

Eisner, Howard. Systems Engineering: Building Successful Systems. New York: Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2011. Print.

Gurunatha, Thimmiah. Systems Engineering Standards- The State of Art. San Francisco: Happy About, 2012. Print.

Martin, James. Systems Engineering Guidebook: A Process for Developing Systems and Products. California: CRC Press, 2011. Print.

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Rouse, William. Handbook of Systems Engineering and Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Print.

Sage, Andrew. Systems Engineering. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Print.

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