Brief Description of the Robotic Surgery

Annals of Surgery. Robotic Surgery. A Current Perspective. Web. 

The specialists From the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Drexel University propose a wide review of the robotic surgery history based on the materials from Medline and the description of robotic surgery’s present and future. Having reviewed the available data of the robotic surgery operations performed, the authors make conclusions about robotic surgery feasibility. The authors compare robotic surgery to conventional surgery and focus on accuracy and high complexity of operations performed as its strength, as well as on the necessity of further study and high launch and maintenance expenditures. The article is interesting in terms of touching the matters of marketing, which are supposed to influence the rate of the technology’s expansion. The authors make assumptions about further evolution of robotic surgery and mark out the issues which need additional attention, such as malpractice, training and licensing for the surgeons working with the robots.

Cardiothoracic Surgery. USC Surgeons Perform Surgical “First” with Robotic Assistance. Web.

The article provides valuable description of using the distantly controlled robotic surgery system da Vinci in removing benign schwannoma. The successful operation which implied removing a tumor from deep within a patient’s chest was performed by a surgeon who fulfilled hand-held control and pushed foot pedals, watching the incision area on the screen. The article describes the details of the operation and its peculiarities in comparison to traditional surgery, as well as the principles of the da Vinci robot’s construction. It also contains the reference to the video of the posterior mediastinal tumor, which serves as a perfect visual aid. The unique procedure drew attention of famous surgeons, who expressed willingness to be present in the operating room, and of mass media, which presented the results of the procedure for the public.

Lund, K. The Humanity Behind Robotics. Web.

The article challenges the common concern about substitution of human factor by the robotic surgery equipment, presenting prospects of their synergy. The author references to the opinion of Dr. David Samadi, who considers robotic surgery a means of solving several human problems and gives an example of robotic prostatectomy. The article focuses on advantages of robotic prostatectomy and declares its excellent performance, which consists of reducing painful sensation and risk of infection, quick recovery with minimal term of hospital stay. Author’s point of view is based on the statement that “a surgery is all about being human”. According to it, despite promising steps in robotic surgery, healthcare is unlikely to lose its human look, as exploitation of surgical robots has confirmed that surgery holds on a human factor: the more complicated is the technology, the more skills are required from a surgeon.

Robotic Oncology. History of Robotic Surgery. Web.

The article from the resource established by the famous specialist in robotic surgery David B. Samadi M.D. provides brief review of the robotic surgery evolution, which includes basic information about its stages. It describes achievements in surgical robots’ construction and exploitation from the first steps in non-laparascopic procedures in 1985 and shows the retrospective of robotic surgery systems, such as PUMA 560, AESOP, da Vinci. Da Vinci’s characteristics, such as size, construction and infection risk, are compared to those of PUMA 560. The basic applications of the robotic surgery equipment are mentioned. The authors provide their assumptions about expansion of the robotic surgery’s advantages, which include distant control and transferring the tactile information to the surgeon.

Science Daily. Diseased Kidney Surgically Removed Using 3-D Robotics Through Single Incision. Web. 

The article describes the pioneering experience of kidney removing using the robotic system. The operation performed at Henry Ford Hospital, Michigan implied removing kidney with four tumors with the help of the famous da Vinci robotic surgery system. This experience is extremely valuable for the cases when it is impossible to save the kidney, as it promises to make kidney removing safer and less painful, performed with small blood loss. As well, the article describes other cases of using surgery robots while removing tumors from kidneys, which gave good performance. It also provides the description of the kidney robotic removing procedure and cites the surgeons’ feedback on the operation.

Science Daily. Robotic Surgery Provides Reduced Pain and Quicker Recovery for Kidney Cancer Patients. Web. 

The article is devoted to the clinical research of operating kidneys with the help of robotic surgery equipment, carried out at New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center. The new approach in operating kidney implies removing only the cancerous tissue and repairing the remaining kidney tissue. Drs. Ketan Badani and Jaime Landman express their considerations about the new technology’s performance and advantages, pointing at reduction of painful sensation and short recovery term. The operations performed with the help of the robotic arm are as well considered to decrease the number of kidney transplantation cases and reduce the need for further dialysis. The research feedback is based on more than fifty successful operations.

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