The cloud-based services are easy to use, cost-effective, and enhance innovation in an organization. However, there are a few considerations that a firm has to consider as they opt to use either service of cloud computing. Security is a major aspect to consider when implementing cloud computing strategies in an organization. Cloud computing service promises the security of data compared to physical data centers. Adaptability is another item to be considered when implementing cloud computing services. How the platforms are being used and the interaction between the users and the system is diverse and constantly changing. Hence, there is a need to consider the organization’s adaptability in regard to cloud computing services.
Cloud computing services differ, and thus, the organization has to consider and understand the similarities and differences of the three models and how they function to ensure the right service to implement. For example, the SaaS model is designed to control access to applications by users (Smoot and Nam 87), and PaaS offers to scale data automatically, whereas IaaS controls the scalability of data. A general item to be considered is the availability of resources and the capability of the firm to pull the various resources together to ensure the efficient implementation of these cloud computing models.
How SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS Reduce Total Cost of Ownership
The total cost of ownership (TCO) is the calculation that enables a firm to estimate the cost of purchasing and maintaining technology within its premises. How a firm can reduce TCO, they have to compare the cost they incur while implementing software they have designed with the cloud-based software. The cloud computing models are cost-effective compared to the premise-based software of an organization. Increasing Return on Investment (ROI) and reducing TCO can be achieved by the three models of cloud computing by reducing the risks involved since they provide backing up options, capital costs are eliminated, and productivity is enhanced (Mell and Tim 310). These cloud computing models increase flexibility for the workforce. The computing models increase ROI since deployment is fasters ensuring overall productivity is attained.
The Effect of Implementing the Cloud Computing Models in Organization
Implementing the cloud computing models in the organization to the IT support personnel is that roles and positions in the organization will reshuffle to give space or easy transition to adapt and use the cloud computing models. The service personnel’s role in starting with will be reshuffled, and network administrators responsible for managing the servers will reshuffle because the cloud computing models provide a virtual server that does not require network administrator personnel. The cloud computing models provide adequate security for the data through self-backing up. Hence, the backing up strategies role for the IT personnel would change when the cloud computing models are implemented in an organization.
Considerations to be Aware as a Management When Implementing Cloud Computing
First, the management should put into consideration the availability of qualified IT personnel in the organization that would ensure easy implementation and transition to the cloud computing models. Secondly, the management should consider the security and recovery options provided by the service provider if they are efficient (Mark O’Neill Par. 4). Lastly, the legal service agreement between the firm and service provider of either cloud-computing model should be considered. Because the legal service agreement ensures the organization is aligned in favor of the service provider company.
Security Issues Arising from Implementing the Type of Infrastructure
In the case of violation of the system, an organization risks saving their sensitive information, which is stored in the cloud. Therefore, the loss of sensitive information or data during the process is a security issue. Secondly, breach of compliance and regulations in regards to information security, especially when the servers fail to perform and the firm is considered non-compliant (Mell and Tim 309). Lastly, when the actions of employees are not well traced, losing end-user control is possible to happen and leaking sensitive information to a competitor might lead to a firm being outdone in the market.
With the increased popularity of cloud computing and services, businesses and organizations are relying on cloud services. Most popular cloud computing services today include SaaS, Software as a service, IaaS, Infrastructure as a service, and PaaS, Platform as a service. The cloud-based services are a new wave of technological advancement. They have a significant impact on organizations since firms are able to use the infrastructure of IT, software, platforms, and applications online or through various internet hotspots. The work is focused on bringing to the attention of the reader the things a firm should consider when applying the cloud computing services, various ways that these cloud computing services reduce the total cost of ownership and increase the return of investments, the impact of the cloud computing to the IT personnel, considerations the company should be aware of as they apply the cloud-based services, and the various security issues associated with cloud computing services in their respective firms.
Smoot, Stephen R., and Nam K. Tan. Private Cloud Computing: Consolidation, Virtualization, And Service-Oriented Infrastructure. Elsevier, 2011.
Mell, Peter, and Tim Grance. “Effectively and Securely Using the Cloud Computing Paradigm.” NIST, Information Technology Laboratory 2.8 (2009): 304-311.
Mark O’Neill, Vordel. “A Security Checklist for SaaS, PaaS and IaaS Cloud Models.” CSO Online, 2022.