An electric vehicle is propelled by an electric motor that makes use of energy stored in batteries that are rechargeable. It does not make use of oil, and no cooling is needed hence it has no radiators. A gas-powered car makes use of energy that is produced from the burning of methane gas in oxygen at the inbuilt combustion engine. The fuel source for an electric car is electricity, and the gas-powered one is fuel. The benefits of increasing the use of electric cars overshadow the need to use gas-powered vehicles.
The environmental advantage of the application of electric cars is that there is a decrease in air pollution in the places of their use, which in turn contributes to a reduction in global warming. The use of electric cars in areas that are crowded or highly populated helps in reducing pollution (Matulka par. 6). Electric cars also result in the reduction of pollution since they make overdependence on gas-powered cars decline, and the pollutant emissions are lowered. Using electric cars lessens emissions since the rechargeable batteries they use do not give off smoke as in the case of fuel. Furthermore, new batteries that will not require frequent replacement are being developed.
A lot of people rely on automobiles, and this hurts the economy as more sources of energy are sought to cater to the increasing demand for fuel. Moreover, the prices of fuel/oil are continually rising, making the use of gas-powered vehicles more expensive while the cost of electric cars is anticipated to decrease over time (How Do Gasoline & Electric Vehicles Compare? 1). This may render the electric cars almost free, with the main requirement being the installation of chargers at places of residence, garages, and other public sites. This will also be the most suitable alternative automobile with the increased generation of electricity from renewable energy, which reduces the pollution effect, unlike when produced from non-renewable sources such as coal. Charging stations are also clearly marked and located in areas where the electric car users can easily access them.
Electric cars are as presentable as other conventional automobiles with a variety of choices such as Chevy Volt, Nissan Leaf, Mini E, and Smart 4-2 EV, among others. The cars are becoming popular with new kinds being introduced for sale bearing exceptional features that give value for money. There are electric cars that are fully powered by rechargeable batteries, while others are the plug-in hybrid using both the battery and inner combustion locomotive (Pappas 153). This progress has been achieved as a result of the projects and policies being put in place to ensure the production of automobiles that have zero emissions. Governments are making huge investments in the development of electric cars and offering subsidies to those who purchase them. It is anticipated that cars that are powered fully by rechargeable batteries will be produced at a progressively high rate as consumers get informed on how to make the best choice of the automobiles.
The efficiency and the ease with which electric vehicles are operated, over and above being cheap to maintain, is of great benefit. An electric car is estimated to travel a distance that is twice as long as the one traveled by a gasoline-powered vehicle while both are using a similar amount of energy. This efficiency is fundamental in the transport industry and to urban planners that seek to advocate for energy sources that have reduced emissions since the sector is a major player in the global warming, and it is in their interest to contribute to the eradication of pollutants. Even as some countries ban the sale of petrol and diesel vehicles, electric cars will come in handy to replace them (Matulka par. 8). It is evident that electric vehicles contribute greatly to the reduction of noise and decarbonization in the transport industry.
Contrary to electric cars, gasoline-powered vehicles emit carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and organic compounds that vaporize easily, and these are the major causes of air pollution that results in global warming and eventually climate change. Overdependence on such vehicles causes excessive oil consumption that threatens nations and governments with energy insecurity. In the 1960s, gas prices rose, and the need to lower dependence on oil sparked the reason to have electric cars developed. Additionally, gas-powered cars are noisy, costly due to high prices of oil, and require cooling from time to time (Pappas 164). Their reliability is also compromised as a result of frequent repair and maintenance, which is necessitated by a large number of moving parts. Gas-powered vehicles are also less energy-efficient as they convert only about 20% of fuel into energy.
Electric cars have better performance than their gas-powered counterparts with respect to internal combustion and efficiency. The cost of energy required to power electric cars is low, and it is a more secure automobile for any given individual who would enjoy cheap maintenance costs and high reliability. Therefore, electric cars are better than the gas-powered automobiles, and sufficient development should be put in place to ensure their increased adoption.
“How Do Gasoline & Electric Vehicles Compare?” Idaho National Library, Web.
An electric car incurs low maintenance cost due to their use of just one moving part called motor, unlike the gas powered ones that possess a number of moving parts. Gas powered vehicles require frequent maintenance such as the replacement of filters and repair of the exhaust system. Though there is an insufficiency of proper skills for technicians who should offer maintenance services for electric cars, the problem is being addressed through degree programs and enhanced training. This source was used to illustrate the reliability of electric cars.
Matulka, Rebecca. “The History of the Electric Car.” ENERGY.GOV. 2014, Web.
Electric cars were invented in the 1800s as a discovery of electric motor from the battery. As they came into existence, other new types emerged that are gasoline powered but have issues in the way they are operated and their impact on the environment. Electric cars are devoid of such problems since they are not noisy, emit no exhaust fumes, and are operated with a lot of ease thus developing at a high rate. The search for alternative source of fuel is inevitable due to environmental issues. This article was utilized to illustrate the benefits of electric cars over the gas powered ones.
Pappas, John. “A New Prescription for Electric Cars.” Energy Law Journal, vol. 35, no. 1, 2014, pp. 151-198.
There are different kinds of electric cars namely hybrid, plug-in hybrid, battery, and fuel cell electric vehicles, and this is an indication that the time for cars uprising is now. A hybrid electric vehicle is powered by gas, but it has an electric motor thus it acts as an improvement from the internal combustion engine. Plug-in hybrid uses both battery and gas for propulsion while electricity purely powers the battery electric vehicle. The fuel cell electric vehicle is the most efficient in zero emissions and uses hydrogen and oxygen for energy. This article has been incorporated in the paper to show technological advancement in electric cars.