Human Rights. International Court of Justice


The United Nations (UN) is an organization that promotes world peace. It works to resolve tribulations before it reaches a state of conflict. The UNO has several organizations that are responsible to meet monetary, societal, intellectual, or gentle issues and are established to provide the required mutual aid in intercontinental regulations and international safety.

Main body

The United Nations has formulated a charter by which The International Court of Justice was legally recognized. The International Court of Justice settles legal problems of the UN. The International Court of Justice is situated at Hague in the Netherlands. The court deals with the issues of governments and does not deal with the case of individuals. However other organs of the UNO, like the General Assembly and Security Council can seek The Court’s suggestions about any judicial issues. The court can take a decision only by way of a preponderance ballot (United Nations). The International Court of Justice is the principal legal limb of the UN. The Court is set up to attend to and fix on disagreement amidst nations which willingly gives rise to judicial issues. The articles in the charter of the UN specify that all its member nations must abide by the decisions of the Court. But, regrettably, the UN has failed to move forward with the prospects of those who have strived for its initiation. The Court has indeed become triumphant in solving the issues of some states, but in the majority of the cases, it seems to abstain from involving in political matters since it does not the power to make use of force. Further, the court does not have a complete division of force. The court could advise and pronounce some judgments in argumentative case opinions. However, there are limitations to function from the international perspective. It has a restricted role while participating in many international issues since many states have shown a lack of enthusiasm to abide by the certain decision of the court. The Court suffers a dominance problem and there is a need to uphold its supremacy. The court does not interfere in problems connected to nuclear weapons, their use, and production which is considered to be harmful to the entire human race. The Court ought to have visibly professed the connection of insecurity related to nuclear armament. The matters connected universal prohibition and successful prevention on the utilization of disastrous weapons and the freedom to life should have also been seriously taken up by the Court (Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice 1997). Human Rights activists believe that all individuals follow stringent rules while observing human rights. Human Rights does not portray one’s character, on the contrary, it stipulates the behavior of individuals or organizations on a human being. It is the solid assertion on one’s private behavior and on the formation of collective public institutions which get one’s consideration and stresses self-respect (Orend p.7). One of the fundamental objectives of the United Nations is to support and foster esteem for individual rights and free will, without a difference as to creed, gender, dialect, religion, or other ranks. Based on this a charter of the UN called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights gallantly proclaims the intrinsic distinction and the equivalent privileges of all members of the human group, steered by the revelation of equality for all and the Declaration safeguards the fundamental rights of every human being concerning the freedom of contemplation, principles and religion. Regardless of the undisputed acceptance of this Declaration, many parts of the world still stand as a spectator to the unrelenting religious fanaticism and prejudice on mankind. The propagation of brutality and biased philosophy by way of religion has led to mounting tensions among religious groups and affairs of state.

The International Court of Justice can put forth and recommend judgements in this regard to substantiate peace in the affected countries. The Court can publicly ask leaders to follow a peaceful religious version. This will definitely help to eliminate erroneous interpretations and grant ethical power to the denunciation of policies and practices that infringe the codes of inequity in religious affairs. By realizing the need for asserting freedom, progress and shelter in the present world, the United Nations has cemented the means for an appropriate reconsideration of the worldwide right to equality and safety. This safeguarding is not a simple legal implementation or a hard headed necessity; but it helps much in the spiritual enterprise of moulding human possibilities to materialize and thrive peacefully in the society (Freedom to Believe). The International Court of Justice (ICJ) functions in an unidentifiable manner. In the half-century of subsistence, the Court has not dealt with more than two cases a year even when the cases were related to trivial matters. However, there are a few with irrefutable verdicts that has helped the ICJ to maintain worldwide relations, such as Declaration against the United States in 1986 for indemnity caused to Nicaragua by disrupting activities led by Contra band of soldiers supported. Likewise, in the case of East Timor, the region was forcefully attached to Indonesia. The case was put before the Court by Portugal and requested the judges to see that Australia had dishonored global law by disagreeing to make out the right of the people of East Timor to autonomy. Nevertheless, as Indonesia was not in attendance at the procedures, the Court was not ready to hear the case, pointing out that the right of peoples to self-rule was a fundamental code. With all its flaws, The Court and its comparative helplessness is fraught with exertion and several nations look forward to see a stable International Court of Justice (Gendreau).

Works Cited

Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the use of nuclear weapons under international law – A few thoughts on its strengths and weaknesses 1997. Web.

Freedom to Believe: Upholding the Standard of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 2008. Web.

Gendreau, M.C. 1996. The International Court of Justice Between Politics and Law. 2008. Web.

Orend, B. Human Rights: Concept and Context. New York: Broadview Press 2002. United Nations. 2008. Web.

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