Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting


The concept of proper human functioning includes interpersonal interactions, emotional reactions, and a general outlook on certain situations (Moghaddam et al., 2017)

Many tend to overlook the importance of self-esteem because it is often taken for granted (Maharani et al., 2017)

Middle-Childhood Self-Esteem

  • The level of self-esteem grows, allowing children to take a better look at their personality and investigate themselves in order to find something they could be proud of at the end of the day (Cvencek et al., 2018)
  • Middle childhood transformation is what creates a bigger part of a person’s self-esteem (Maharani et al., 2017)

School-Age Self-Esteem

  • Jadon and Tripathi (2017) suggest that a child’s self-esteem, in this case, is affected by the need to socialize and achieve acceptance from their peers.
  • School-age children mediate their self-esteem through numerous interactions with the external environment (Cvencek et al., 2018).

Self-Esteem and Child Adjustment

  • One of the key reasons why exaggerated self-esteem is bad is that such children learn quickly to blame others (Moghaddam et al., 2017)
  • Even if a higher level of self-esteem could eventually turn children into relentless achievers, it would still be hard for them to socialize properly (Maharani et al., 2017).

Consequences of Low Self-Esteem

  • Children with a lower level of self-esteem are often bullied for their inability to respond to external reactions in a timely manner (Jadon & Tripathi, 2017)
  • Cvencek et al. (2018) suggest that a lower level of self-esteem leads to a situation where the child resorts to avoidance and quittance

How can we promote a higher level of Self-Esteem among children?

  • The sense of delight is going to motivate the child to do more and attempt something new (Moghaddam et al., 2017).
  • Every assignment should be hard enough for the child to complete, but it should never be either impossible or too easy (Jadon & Tripathi, 2017).
  • Avoid overpraising the child


Cvencek, D., Fryberg, S. A., Covarrubias, R., & Meltzoff, A. N. (2018). Self‐concepts, self‐esteem, and academic achievement of minority and majority North American elementary school children. Child Development, 89(4), 1099-1109.

Jadon, P. S., & Tripathi, S. (2017). Effect of authoritarian parenting style on self-esteem of the child: A systematic review. International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education, 3(3), 909-913.

Maharani, D. A., Adiatman, M., Rahardjo, A., Burnside, G., & Pine, C. (2017). An assessment of the impacts of child oral health in Indonesia and associations with self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. BMC Oral Health, 17(1), 65.

Moghaddam, M. F., Validad, A., Rakhshani, T., & Assareh, M. (2017). Child self-esteem and different parenting styles of mothers: A cross-sectional study. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 19(1), 37-42.

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Premium Papers. (2023, January 30). Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting. Retrieved from


Premium Papers. (2023, January 30). Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting.

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"Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting." Premium Papers, 30 Jan. 2023,


Premium Papers. (2023) 'Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting'. 30 January.


Premium Papers. 2023. "Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting." January 30, 2023.

1. Premium Papers. "Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting." January 30, 2023.


Premium Papers. "Self-Esteem in Children. Authoritarian Parenting." January 30, 2023.