The Fast Food Industry: Negative Impacts Review


The fast food industry is one of the largest businesses in the world. Fast food has been recognized to be a large area of assets concerning food. Restaurants such as McDonald’s and Burger King have been recognized for their reputation typically from advertisements and are extremely rated to be the trade name for the fast food business. Even though part of the industry’s purpose is to sell their foodstuffs, the customers play a large role in their incomes to keep this eating place in business.

Businesses need to maintain to feed the desires of the customers to bring them back to their industry in the future. A lot of commercial are stuffed toward children and people of all ages.


Every day the fast food business turn into more doubtful. We may not know all the fine qualities of the goods but be likely to buy them for like status or for the way it appears.

Consumers have the liability of option. Owing to fake, attractive advertisements consumers are misinform to the particulars of the product. Fast food businesses are out there to get hold of money in any method, form, or appearance. Consumers must take the time to study the product in a pertinent way to get a better understanding of the foodstuff or possibly the industry making it. All is all; customers have to be more conscious of their pay for particularly when it comes to their daily eating of food. This may contain genetically changing the food, taking away it’s expected worth. We all have the preference of choosing things for ourselves. Though, it is the industry’s accountability to manufacture a good quality product that won’t fail the customer’s outlook according to their commercial. Customers tend to take the benefit of the doubt and risk the odds of wasting their cash or maybe their healthiness.

Effect of Fast Food in Environment

If fast food has such an enormous impact on our society and economy, it is only usual that it should also have at least some consequence on our surroundings. Most probably, the generality of fast food in America, and now scattering all over the world, can lead to major harmful contacts on our surroundings. The increase of the fast food manufacturing has reached a astounding number. If there are millions or even billions of hamburgers, or chicken pieces, or French fries place on the market each year, in that case picture all the wrapping that is thrown to waste. One investigation demonstrated that Americans think fast-food wrapping/covering takes up between 20 and 30 percent of landfill space, and expanded synthetic materials between 25 to 40 percent. While, the waste plan establishes that fast-food wrapping/packaging paper accounts for no more than one-third of one percent of the whole number of the regular landfill.

Whether it is through health risks, to pollutant hazards, or even land use financial impact, the fast food business has distorted America, and the world maybe not be for the worse, but absolutely not for the better. A typical person reports ingesting fast food at least three times a week. Plants are capable of taking up poisonous substances from soil pollution. Even more, some companies are internationalizing with the “American style” distributing such companies as McDonald’s and Taco Bell to countless different countries. Americans have additional financial resources to buy food, so American eats more. A number of scientists have asserted that fast food has an addicting result on people. It has been thought that Americans now experience from starvation of prosperity. The concluding and most widespread result fast food has is obesity. We also make use of fewer calories through work out, and the consequence is excess weight. Through such requirements for ground use and products, it does not only do the sites themselves have an consequence on all regions, but also the means the foodstuff is processed. A case of this outcome is pollution leading to bioaccumulation; which is caused when substances from fast food wrapping get engrossed into the land.

Health issues caused by the fast food industry

The world’s highest attention of obese persons are to be found in the United States, where childhood fatness has doubled in the past 30 years (Lowell 2004), and 9 million children are measured overweight. Not unexpectedly, it has been reported that U.S. children eat more fast food than children from most other countries in the world (Adair and Popkin 2005). It is also expected that 130 million Americans are obese. In reality, “if the population of the United States maintains to add weight at the current rate, the occurrence of fatness in the United States will move toward 40 percent within the next five years” (Morrill and Chinn 2004, 353).

Health investigators name three chief bases for the occurrence of obesity in the United States. Even though there is argument as to the degree that particular hereditary characteristics incline individuals to fatness or whether being somewhat overweight may in fact reduce the risk of death (Johnson, 2005), the majority of researchers concur that obesity is above all caused by genetics, inactive lifestyle, and food consumption – sensing both large part and a fondness for fatty and sugary foods (Lowell, 2004). For decades, the quick-service business has promoted its foodstuffs to children, while also supersizing its pieces, and offering stuffs that are soaring in fat and sugar.

At present, fast-food operations spend an estimated $1 billion per year in television promotion alone, mainly focusing on children (PDR Health 2004). Because of this and other mass-marketing efforts, when “parents often let children make restaurant choices… over 80 percent of the time, kids under 17 choose fast food” (PDR Health 2004).

One of the reasons of childhood fatness in the United States may be the remarkable increase of piece sizes at quick-service eating place. Nielsen and Popkin (2003) concluded that “portion sizes and energy eating increased for all key foods (except pizza) at all places inspected for the total U.S. population aged two years and older.” They documented that the amount of salty snacks increased by 0.6 oz., soft drinks by 6.8 oz., hamburgers by 1.3 oz., French fries by 0.5 oz., and Mexican dishes by 1.7 oz. Those pieces increases expanded the calorie intake from those foods by 49 to 133 kilocalories, depending on the item. Furthermore, Nielsen and Popkin (2003) establish that between 1994 and 1998 “the largest portion sizes for most foods were found at fast-food businesses.” These details, together with the findings that about 20 percent of energy consumed by children comes from fast food (Adair and Popkin 2005), appear to give a suitable argument for studying the connection between portion size at quick-service restaurants and obesity, mainly among children.

Economic and Market system of Fast food industry

The fast-food business is, more and more, being liable for the long-term costs it inflicts on society, echoing the disapproval intended for the tobacco business since the 1960s.

It is expected that more than 50% of North American adults and 25% of young people are obese. This troubling tendency has risen to the position where it could turn into the number one health dilemma in developed countries within the next few years. And any main health dilemma is also a main economic problem. The results this has on public wellbeing and, ultimately, on our economic well-being, is extensive.

The impacts of obesity on health expenses surpass that of smoking. A fast computation will demonstrate that the medical expenses of caring for the large number of people suffering from obesity stand for more than 1% of the GDP. Whereas cancer is maybe more evident, it does not have the equivalent economic and social shock.

At present consumers are more engaging looking for a growing level of excitement and multiplicity. With the sunrise of each fresh day, these present day customers insist for value and healthy food that is accessible as per their handiness and varying cultural needs. The continued existence of any food outlet or the business is also very much reliant on them – their taste can also make or break the survival of these companies. This has shaped a huge challenge on the marketers of the food business who deliberately resort to immoral practices that had caused many active global disputes on moral and advertising practices of the food business as well the involvement of regulatory establishment to put into practice essential legislation wherever necessary to decrease the ill-effects on the society.


Any food company will always endeavor to boost the sale of his product or service to the utmost degree and run off the negative effects to be the outcome of the free option of customers, a usual occurrence. Several food products like burgers, sweets, and carbonated soft drinks are not so damaging as evaluated to alcoholic drinks, cigarettes or drugs etc., except as stated are poor in nutrients with rich fat, sugar and salts substance grounds for obesity and other illness. the majority people particularly the young children and the adolescent group get captivated to them swiftly mostly due to basis like following of Western society, the environment of family with from time to time both the parents working, peer compulsion in the school, college, office etc. These enthusiastic categories are the company’s assets who soon turn into important users as the days go by accounting for their soaring incomes.


Lowell, J. 2004. The food industry and its impact upon increasing global obesity: A case study. British Food Journal 106 (3):238-48.

Adair, L. S., and B. M. Popkin. 2005. Are child eating patterns being transformed globally? Obesity Research 12:1281-99.

Morrill, A. C., and C. D. Chinn. 2004. The obesity epidemic in the United States. Journal of Public Health Policy 25 (3-4):353-66.

Johnson, C. K. 2005. CDE overstated the dangers of being overweight. Boston Globe. Web.

PDR Health. 2004. Junk food: How much can you get away with? PDR Family Guide to Nutrition and Health. Web.

Nielsen, S. J., and B. M. Popkin. 2003. Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998. JAMA289:450-53. Web.

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